Skip to content


The PESO model

You frequently hear PR specialists talk about the PESO model or parts of it such as Earned media. But what are they talking about?

In 2014, the PESO model was introduced by Gini Dietrich from the United States. This model describes a way to determine a strategy for deploying different (online) media channels. PESO stands for Paid, Earned, Shared and Owned media channels. Ideally, all four types of media should be represented in a PR strategy.

Paid media

The paid media section includes all media that are used in a paid manner. Examples include (online) ads, SEA and sponsored content. The advantage of paid media is that you can communicate a specific message quickly and specifically to a specific target group. You decide what and when something is posted. The disadvantage is clear: it costs money. In addition, paid messages are considered less reliable and valuable by the target audience.

Earned media

These are publications made (unpaid) by others, or free publicity. Earned media are still the ultimate means of PR, as far as we are concerned. Why? Because it allows you to “earn” independent exposure about your expertise, usually with a much greater reach than you have yourself. For example, when journalists or bloggers talk about the brand or organization, the credibility is greater. Moreover, this method of communication is free.

The only disadvantage of Earned media: you have little control over the coverage. A PR agency can help you with this through good contacts with the media. Examples are: customer reviews, blogs, influencers, articles in newspapers following press releases.

Shared media

These are literally shared media; social media such as LinkedIn, Instagram and Pinterest. You use these platforms to share your content. The goal here is participation and interaction with your target audience, think likes and shares on LinkedIn or lead generation. The main difference with owned media: you own the account with which you create a page and messages for your organization, but you do not own these channels yourself. So there is a danger in this. For example, in the worst-case scenario, a channel can suddenly disappear or deny you access. In addition, reactions on these channels are not always manageable. A shared media channel is time intensive and requires constant monitoring. On the other hand, a major advantage is that costs are low.

Owned media

These are the media that an organization manages itself, such as a website or webshop, newsletters, blogs, social media accounts or magazines. Owned media are often the starting point and starting point of further PR activities. The advantage of these resources is that you have all the control, you determine the content.

The perfect mix!

Most people think of PR as Earned media (free publicity). By this we mean the channels through which you obtain free publicity. We understand this. In the past, this was the most common approach used by PR specialists. A rave review in the newspaper or on a blog is also much more effective than proclaiming how good your product is. Still, we believe the perfect PR strategy consists of a combination of resources from all four parts of the PESO model. Basically, you deploy paid, earned and shared media to find your own channels. This way, all resources reinforce each other.

Het laatste nieuws

What is PR?

4 January 2023

The PESO model

16 November 2022

Coffee Talk with Kyra

22 August 2022

Only 179 more days until Christmas…

29 June 2022

Paul Depla opens the first PR museum in the Netherlands

25 April 2022

How do you make a city stand out?

16 February 2022

From press event to press gifts

21 January 2022

Culiperslunch 2021 Meatless Farm

29 September 2021

Make things worth talking about

1 September 2021

Students with impact

8 July 2021